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Peru is a country with basically free access. Most of the countries of America and Western Europe do not require a tourist visa to enter Peru, and the maximum length of stay granted by the authorities is 183 days (it cannot be extended). For a stay for a longer period with other objectives (business, study or work) it is necessary to previously request the corresponding visa at the respective Peruvian consulates.
To enter Peru it is an essential requirement to present a valid passport. Citizens of Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, Ecuador, Colombia, Bolivia, Venezuela and Chile can enter with their national identification document.
Air access route:
- Domestic flights from Lima (1 h approx.)
- Domestic flights from Arequipa (30 min approx.)
Land access route:
- Lima - Arequipa - Cusco 1,650 km (26 hours by car approx.)
- Lima - Nazca - Puquio - Abancay - Cusco: 1,131 km (20 hours by car approx.)
- Puno - Cusco: 389 km (7 hours by car approx.)
- Puno - Cusco: 384 km (10:30 am approx.)
Sanitary conditions in Peru are favorable, especially in cities. In recent years, the supply of health services has been modernized and increased; both hospitals and clinics provide adequate care, but it is always advisable to have health insurance for your trip.
for There are no compulsory vaccinations to enter Peru. If you want to visit the Amazon region of the country, the Ministry of Health recommends getting vaccinated against yellow fever.
The yellow fever vaccine must be administered at least ten days prior to travel to be effective.
The city of Cusco is located at 3,400 meters above sea level. It is possible to feel some discomfort and dizziness due to the altitude, known in Peru as soroche. It is recommended to take a pill for motion sickness 30 minutes before arriving in the city.
The first thing you have to do when you arrive in Cusco or Puno is to rest for at least a couple of hours so that your body gets used to the altitude. You can take the opportunity to first visit the sites in the city center, avoiding activities that require physical effort. For this reason, it is convenient to eat light food the first days. Coca tea or mate is undoubtedly a great ally at this time.
The altitude of the city of Puno is 3,827 meters above sea level. It is possible to feel some discomfort and dizziness due to altitude sickness, known in Peru as soroche. It is recommended to take a pill for motion sickness 30 minutes before.
For altitude sickness, rest for the first few days and particularly avoid physical exertion; also drink coca tea or pills. Hydrate properly, especially in high altitude areas and with bottled or properly treated water.
Weather in Cusco
In Cusco, the months of June and October are the ideal ones to visit since you will find a bright sun very early.
The rainy season begins in the month of November, a period that lasts until March, so we suggest, during these months, always carry a raincoat or an umbrella with you.
What we recommend when you travel to Cusco (Machu Picchu) is to take the necessary protection measures against mosquito bites and sun rays: bring sunscreen, repellent, hats or caps and sunglasses.
Weather in Puno
In Puno, the climate of most localities is cold and semi-dry, with the presence of rains in summer and high atmospheric humidity.
The climate of the city of Puno is cold and dry, but since it is located on the shores of Lake Titicaca, the temperature hardly drops below 0 ° C. In remote areas of the lake, and higher, the cold is very intense, especially at night.
The Sol (S /) is the official currency of Peru. There are bills with denominations of 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200 soles. There are coins of 10, 20 and 50 cents, as well as 1, 2 and 5 soles.
The US dollar is accepted in countless commercial establishments, restaurants, hotels and service stations. It is possible to exchange foreign currency in banks and exchange houses. The usual hours of operation of the currency exchange establishments are from Monday to Friday from 9:00 a.m. at 6:00 p.m. and on Saturdays until noon.
You can find ATMs in almost every city in the country and most are connected to the Plus (Visa) and Cirrus (Mastercard / Maestro), American Express and other networks. In them you can withdraw money in soles or US dollars, but the exchange rate is usually less convenient.
The Cusco tourist ticket is one of the most important initiatives for the development of Cusco tourism. This ticket allows you to access almost all the attractions of this city through a single payment in different circuits.
Difference between Machu Picchu mountain and Huayna Picchu:
Machu Picchu mountain ticket
- Height: 3,082 m.s.n.m.
- Distance of the walk: 2 km., Ascending approximately 300 m. vertical.
- Location: In front of Huayna Picchu and to the left of the Traditional Way.
- Description of the Path: The path to the top of the Machu Picchu mountain is surrounded by abundant vegetation highlighting varieties of wild orchids, the path is wider, which allows you to move more calmly.
- Access: From the Machu Picchu Complex, go up to the viewpoint (Guardian's House), continue until the detour that is indicated with a sign.
- Entrance Ticket: Ticket Machu Picchu + Mountain.
- Hours: Hours 1: 07:00 hrs. 08:00 hrs. - Schedule 2: 09:00 hrs. - 10:00 hrs.
- Number of visitors: 800 spaces per day.
- Walking time: 3 and a half hours in total (round trip).
- What to bring ?: Non-slip shoes, sunscreen, repellent, head protection, rain gear (depending on the season).
- Flora and fauna: Due to the climate and the landscape you will find a variety of orchids, butterflies and birds.
- Climate: The weather is hot and humid during the day and cool at night.
- Dry Season: May - October / Rainy Season: November to March.
- Advantages: Machu Picchu Mountain higher than Huayna Picchu, less steep path, panoramic view of the Inca City and Huayna Picchu.
- Disadvantages: It has no archaeological remains.
Huayna Picchu Ticket - Height: 2,693 m.s.n.m.
- Walking Distance: 2 km, path not so steep compared to Huayna Picchu Mountain.
- Location: North of Machu Picchu Mountain.
- Description of the Path: The path is quite steep, in some sectors hand ropes are necessary to balance, along narrow paths next to abysses that induce vertigo. For much of the journey you will cross steps built in rock, some sections are complemented by wooden stairs.
- Access: From the Inca City of Machu Picchu, through the Sector de las Huayranas (Sacred Rock). Entrance through the Control Booth.
- Entrance Ticket: Ticket Machu Picchu + Huayna Picchu.
- Hours: First Group: 07:00 hrs. 08:00 hrs. - Second Group: 10:00 hrs. - 11:00 hrs.
- Number of visitors: 400 per day, divided into two groups of 200.
- Walking time: 1 hour and 30 minutes uphill and the same downhill.
- Degree of Difficulty: It is a steep mountain with cliffs and many steps (not recommended for those who suffer from vertigo).
- What to bring ?: Non-slip shoes, sunscreen, repellent, rain gear (depending on the season).
- Archaeological Attractions: Andenerías, Temple of the Moon inside a cave with samples of niches, lintels and fine stonework.
- Flora and fauna: Ceja de Selva landscape surrounded by lush vegetation, with an important habitat of birds, butterflies, insects, all belonging to a tropical landscape.
- Climate: Warm and humid in the day, cool at night. Dry Season: May - October / Rainy Season: November to March.
- Advantages: Panoramic view of the entire Inca City, roads, streets, squares and enclosures.
- Disadvantages: cliffs covered with vegetation, steep ascent, narrow path.